Basic Shame, Toxic Shame

Basic shame is the awareness, often unconscious, that we are emotionally damaged. This article discusses how the excruciating experience of being broken or damaged leads to certain defensive and avoidant behaviors to escape from it.

The Pot Calling the Kettle Black

Projection is an ordinary part of our psychic life. This article discusses the phenomenon and enlarges our understanding of what “projecting” actually means.

Psychological Defensiveness and Self-Deception

Defense mechanisms are lies we tell ourselves to ward off painful truths