Different Types of Depression

A discussion of three underlying dynamics in clinical depression: unconscious rage, a drastically fragmented self and toxic levels of shame.

Defenses Against Shame

Narcissism, blaming and contempt — the three core defenses against shame — are illustrated with clinical material from the author’s psychotherapy practice.

‘Avatar’, Toxic Shame and Avoidance of Authentic Relationships

The movie ‘Avatar’ embodies a fantasy shared by many people that it’s possible to escape one’s earthly damaged self and become a superior being without defects.